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Title: Using Reference Models as a Springboard for Ontological Innovation: Analyzing a Central Theory Building Move in the Learning Sciences
Authors: Swanson, Hillary
Levin, Mariana
Keywords: Learning Sciences
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: International Society of the Learning Sciences
Citation: Swanson, H. & Levin, M. (2022). Using reference models as a springboard for ontological innovation: Analyzing a central theory building move in the learning sciences. In Chinn, C., Tan, E., Chan, C., & Kali, Y. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of the Learning Sciences - ICLS 2022 (pp. 703-710). International Society of the Learning Sciences.
Abstract: The development of learning theory is of core importance to the learning sciences. Despite its importance, little is understood about our own theory building processes. This paper analyzes one case of theory development to better understand a particular theory building move associated with design-based research: ontological innovation. The case features the invention of a new category of knowledge and therefore exemplifies ontological innovation. Conducting a retrospective analysis, we identify seven steps, which were critical to the development of the new category of knowledge (meta-theoretic competence) in response to an existing reference model (meta-representational competence). These steps suggest the coupled nature of data and theory, and the importance of the researcher’s own knowledge, which they bring to bear on their theory building practice.
Description: Long Paper
Appears in Collections:ISLS Annual Meeting 2022

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