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Title: Using Real-Time Gaze Feedback and Interventions to Facilitate Coordinative Behavior: An Investigation With Recurrent Analysis
Authors: Hayashi, Yugo
Keywords: CSCL
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: International Society of the Learning Sciences
Citation: Hayashi, Y. (2023). Using real-time gaze feedback and interventions to facilitate coordinative behavior: An investigation with recurrent analysis. In Damșa, C., Borge, M., Koh, E., & Worsley, M. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning - CSCL 2023 (pp. 177-180). International Society of the Learning Sciences.
Abstract: Real-time gaze feedback is useful in improving collaborative processes in learning environments with low awareness of others, such as distant collaborative learning settings. Recent studies have integrated artificial intelligence, such as pedagogical conversational agent (PCA), into such settings; however, the types of PCA interventions that will produce synergy remain unclear. A laboratory experiment was conducted to investigate how PCA’s metacognitive interventions on gaze awareness facilitate coordinative behaviors and learning processes during an explanation task. Using two eye trackers, this study analyzed the degree of gaze recurrence and coded the degree of the collaborative process. The coding results showed that the interventions improved the collaborative process of coordination but did not facilitate recurrence. However, the results showed correlations between the collaborative process and gaze recurrence, with a greater number when using PCA with real-time gaze feedback. Therefore, integration of gaze feedback and interventions may lead to collaborative learning systems improvements.
Description: Short Paper
Appears in Collections:ISLS Annual Meeting 2023

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