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Title: Refutation Text and Argumentation to Promote Conceptual Change
Authors: Asterhan, Christa
Resnick, Maya S.
Issue Date: Jul-2018
Publisher: International Society of the Learning Sciences, Inc. [ISLS].
Citation: Asterhan, C. & Resnick, M. S. (2018). Refutation Text and Argumentation to Promote Conceptual Change . In Kay, J. and Luckin, R. (Eds.) Rethinking Learning in the Digital Age: Making the Learning Sciences Count, 13th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2018, Volume 1. London, UK: International Society of the Learning Sciences.
Abstract: In the present work, we examine the accumulative effect of two instructional methods for conceptual change, refutation text and argumentation, which are expected to support two complementary processes that, according to current models, underlie conceptual change: Promoting awareness to and reducing interference of irrelevant knowledge structures and sense-making of the counter-intuitive, scientifically accepted notions. Hundred undergraduates were randomly assigned to either read a refutation text and then conduct a peer discussion (Ref+Arg), or to read a refutation (RefOnly) or an expository (Control) text, followed by a standard, individual problem solving task. Results showed strong effects for refutation texts on both immediate and delayed post-tests. Contrary to expectations, subsequent peer argumentation did not further improve learning gains. Dyadic dialogue protocols analyses showed that gaining dyads were overall more likely to be symmetrical and to include a discussion of the core principles of natural selection. Several directions for future research are discussed.
Appears in Collections:ICLS 2018

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