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Title: What Brings Students Together?: Investigating the Causal Relationship Between Joint Mental Effort and Joint Visual Attention
Authors: Sharma, Kshitij
Olsen, Jennifer K.
Keywords: CSCL
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: International Society of the Learning Sciences
Citation: Sharma, K. & Olsen, J. K. (2022). What brings students together?: Investigating the causal relationship between joint mental effort and joint visual attention. In Weinberger, A. Chen, W., Hernández-Leo, D., & Chen, B. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning - CSCL 2022 (pp. 131-138). International Society of the Learning Sciences.
Abstract: Computer-supported collaborative learning has a long history of increasing our understanding of the collaborative process and what fruitful collaborative actions entail. Often, we study the correlational relationships between collaborative process variables but investigating causal relationships may deepen our understanding of the collaboration process by highlighting the nature of the relationship between different collaborative behaviors. In this paper, we examine causal relations between joint mental effort and joint visual attention using Granger’s definition of causality. We apply this analysis to dual eye-tracking data from 41 dyads collaborating to create a concept map. The results show that for high-performing dyads, joint mental effort causes joint visual attention and power of the causal relation changes with different division of labor episodes (i.e., role-based, task-based, concurrent). No causality can be claimed for low-performing dyads. We discuss how our results can support our understanding of the cognitive processes students use during the collaboration process.
Description: Long Paper
Appears in Collections:ISLS Annual Meeting 2022

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