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Title: The Ideal Science Student and Problem Solving
Authors: Sullivan, Florence
Lin, Xiaodong
Issue Date: Jun-2006
Publisher: International Society of the Learning Sciences
Citation: Sullivan, F. & Lin, X. (2006). The Ideal Science Student and Problem Solving. In Barab, S. A., Hay, K. E., & Hickey, D. T. (Eds.), The International Conference of the Learning Sciences: Indiana University 2006. Proceedings of ICLS 2006, Volume 2 (pp. 737-743). Bloomington, Indiana, USA: International Society of the Learning Sciences.
Abstract: We examined the nature of students' social mental models of the ideal science student, whether or not these models vary with student ethnicity, and the relationship of these models to problem solving strategies used, and problem solving ability in a robotics challenge. Participants were twenty-six, academically advanced, eleven and twelve year olds. Two social mental models were identified, a traits-based model and a robust model. While models do not appear to vary with ethnicity, a significant association was found between model group and strategy usage (p = .032). In addition, the robust group achieved higher scores on their final solution than the traits-based group (p = .03). The robust group made excellent use of the tools in the environment to solve the problem. The traits-based group did not. The robust group evidenced an environmental view of learning. The traits-based group displayed a mental representations view of learning.
Appears in Collections:ICLS 2006

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