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|Title:||The Effect of Concrete Materials on Children’s Subsequent Numerical Explanations: Metaphorical Priming|
|Publisher:||Singapore: International Society of the Learning Sciences|
|Citation:||Manches, A. & Dragomir, M. (2016). The Effect of Concrete Materials on Children’s Subsequent Numerical Explanations: Metaphorical Priming In Looi, C. K., Polman, J. L., Cress, U., and Reimann, P. (Eds.). Transforming Learning, Empowering Learners: The International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2016, Volume 1. Singapore: International Society of the Learning Sciences.|
|Abstract:||This paper contributes evidence for the claim that gestures used to support numerical thinking can simulate prior concrete experiences. 114 children aged 6-9 years explained a numerical relationship (additive composition) three times consecutively. All children explained without materials for the 1st and 3rd explanation. For the 2nd explanation, children were randomly assigned to one of three conditions to use: physical objects; a number line; or no materials (control condition) to explain their thinking. Findings showed how using physical objects significantly influenced the particular types of gestures (e.g. splitting), hand morphology (e.g. pinching), and words (e.g. “take”, “big”) that children used in subsequent explanations without materials. Similar (although less pronounced) priming effects were found for the number line condition. The study provides support for conceptual metaphor theory (used to categorize gestures and language), and the potential for gesture research to address long-standing questions concerning the role of concrete materials in learning.|
|Appears in Collections:||ICLS 2016|
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