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Title: Exploration of Cognitive Engagement Patterns in Online Environments with Multiple External Representations
Authors: Su, Man
T.H., Michelene
Nagashima, Tomohiro
Gole, Justin
Xin, Yue
Ha, Jesse
Keywords: Learning Sciences
Issue Date: 2024
Publisher: International Society of the Learning Sciences
Citation: Su, M., T.H., M., Nagashima, T., Gole, J., Xin, Y., & Ha, J. (2024). Exploration of Cognitive Engagement Patterns in Online Environments with Multiple External Representations. In Lindgren, R., Asino, T. I., Kyza, E. A., Looi, C. K., Keifert, D. T., & Suárez, E. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 18th International Conference of the Learning Sciences - ICLS 2024 (pp. 194-201). International Society of the Learning Sciences.
Abstract: This study investigates learners’ cognitive engagement patterns in an online, self-directed learning environment enriched with multiple external representations. Participants interacted with scaffolded online modules with prompt questions designed based on the Interactive, Constructive, Active, and Passive (ICAP) framework. Data was collected through students’ responses to knowledge tests, question prompts, and student-module interaction videos. A diversity in students’ engagement patterns was observed which led to different learning outcomes. Findings reveal that constructive responses to prompt questions are associated with improved learning outcomes. Video analyses show that high achievers also engage in careful reading of instructional texts and purposeful simulation manipulation. This study contributes to understanding the nature and diversity of student engagement patterns and informs the effective design of self-directed online environments with multiple representations.
Description: Long Paper
Appears in Collections:ISLS Annual Meeting 2024

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