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|Title:||Goal Instructions in Computer-Supported Collaborative Argumentation: Can You Find a Reason?|
|Authors:||Nussbaum, E. Michael|
|Publisher:||Lawrence Erlbaum Associates|
|Citation:||Nussbaum, E. M. (2004). Goal Instructions in Computer-Supported Collaborative Argumentation: Can You Find a Reason?. In Kafai, Y. B., Sandoval, W. A., Enyedy, N., Nixon, A. S., & Herrera, F. (Eds.), International Conference of the Learning Sciences 2004: Embracing Diversity in the Learning Sciences (pp. 380-387). Santa Monica, CA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.|
|Abstract:||This study explored the effect of different types of goal instructions on students' on-line argumentation. Goal instructions specify what students should try to achieve during on-line discussions. General goals (to persuade or explore) were crossed with specific goals (to generate reasons or counterarguments/rebuttals) in a 3 x 3 randomized design using 240 undergraduates. The instruction to generate as many reasons as possible resulted in deeper and more qualified arguments, whereas the "explore" goal had little effect. The persuade goal resulted in arguments that were more focused and adversarial. These results have important implications for building richer on-line discussions. In particular, instructions to generate as many reasons as possible can result in the exploration and integration of opposing sides of an issue, potentially enhancing psychological understanding and best promoting Mercer's (1996) notion of exploratory talk.|
|Appears in Collections:||ICLS 2004|
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