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|Title:||Observing or Generating Solution Attempts in Problem Solving Prior to Instruction: Are the Preparatory Processes Comparable?|
|Publisher:||International Society of the Learning Sciences|
|Citation:||Brand, C., Hartmann, C., Loibl, K., & Rummel, N. (2021). Observing or Generating Solution Attempts in Problem Solving Prior to Instruction: Are the Preparatory Processes Comparable?. In de Vries, E., Hod, Y., & Ahn, J. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference of the Learning Sciences - ICLS 2021. (pp. 115-122). Bochum, Germany: International Society of the Learning Sciences.|
|Abstract:||Problem solving prior to instruction (PS-I) approaches have been found to facilitate students’ conceptual learning. It has been argued that the problem-solving processes prepare students for subsequent instruction. During problem solving, students are asked to generate multiple solutions to a novel problem. Yet, it is still unclear whether students actually need to generate solutions themselves to be prepared for learning from instruction or whether they could also receive solution examples and study those. Recent findings are mixed, requiring further analyses that investigate the preparatory processes during both types of activities. In this paper, we investigate students’ cognitive processes during generation and observation of solution attempts in order to better understand and design for the preparatory mechanisms in PS-I. We hypothesized that both activities would involve similar cognitive processes for the preparation of subsequent learning. Our results confirm this comparability, suggesting that similar preparatory processes are at work|
|Appears in Collections:||ISLS Annual Meeting 2021|
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