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|Title:||How Learning Outcomes are Measured in Digital Learning Environments in Higher Education|
|Publisher:||International Society of the Learning Sciences, Inc. [ISLS].|
|Citation:||Kümmel, E., Irle, G., Moskaliuk, J., Kimmerle, J., & Cress, U. (2018). How Learning Outcomes are Measured in Digital Learning Environments in Higher Education. In Kay, J. and Luckin, R. (Eds.) Rethinking Learning in the Digital Age: Making the Learning Sciences Count, 13th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2018, Volume 3. London, UK: International Society of the Learning Sciences.|
|Abstract:||We investigated how learning outcomes are typically measured in empirical studies of digital learning environments in higher education. A database search of articles published in peer-reviewed journals between January 2000 and May 2017 resulted in n = 356 articles whose abstracts we screened for different types of dependent variables. We identified seven categories of learning outcomes: Self-reports, observable behavior, learning skills, elaboration depth, personal initiative, digital activity, and social interaction. We discuss opportunities for future research on the basis of these categories.|
|Appears in Collections:||ICLS 2018|
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