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Title: Informing the Design of Teacher Awareness Tools through Causal Alignment Analysis
Authors: Holstein, Kenneth
McLaren, Bruce M.
Aleven, Vincent
Issue Date: Jul-2018
Publisher: International Society of the Learning Sciences, Inc. [ISLS].
Citation: Holstein, K., McLaren, B. M., & Aleven, V. (2018). Informing the Design of Teacher Awareness Tools through Causal Alignment Analysis. In Kay, J. and Luckin, R. (Eds.) Rethinking Learning in the Digital Age: Making the Learning Sciences Count, 13th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2018, Volume 1. London, UK: International Society of the Learning Sciences.
Abstract: Designers of teacher awareness tools (e.g., dashboards) must not only anticipate the effects analytics will have on awareness, but also how this enhanced awareness might affect teacher decision-making, and in turn, student learning. Yet teacher awareness tools are not commonly optimized to guide teacher behavior in ways that are productive for learning. In this paper, we introduce Causal Alignment Analysis (CAA), a framework for data-informed,iterative design of teacher awareness tools, which links the design of awareness tools to educational goals. We illustrate the usefulness of CAA with a case study, demonstrating the successful design alignment of an awareness tool with a causal path from teacher tool use to student learning. Over a sequence of four pilot studies conducted in both simulated and live classrooms, we demonstrate the iterative refinement of Lumilo, a real-time awareness tool, to draw teachers’ attention towards students who may benefit most from a teacher’s help.
Appears in Collections:ICLS 2018

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