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Title: The Effect of Multiple-perspective Thinking on Problem Solving
Authors: Wang, Yan
Dogan, Enis
Lin, Xiaodong
Issue Date: Jun-2006
Publisher: International Society of the Learning Sciences
Citation: Wang, Y., Dogan, E., & Lin, X. (2006). The Effect of Multiple-perspective Thinking on Problem Solving. In Barab, S. A., Hay, K. E., & Hickey, D. T. (Eds.), The International Conference of the Learning Sciences: Indiana University 2006. Proceedings of ICLS 2006, Volume 2 (pp. 812-817). Bloomington, Indiana, USA: International Society of the Learning Sciences.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between people's multiple- perspective (MP) thinking ability and their problem solving performance (defining problems and generating solutions). The reasons why people seek other perspectives were also investigated. The results showed that the number of perspectives used in defining problems was significantly correlated with the number of solutions generated later. Subjects with higher MP thinking scores were able to define problems from more perspectives and generate more solutions. Native English speakers wanted to hear other perspectives more because they wanted to confirm their thinking, while non-native English speakers wanted other perspectives more because they wanted to understand the scenarios better. The main implication is that there may be a culture difference in people's MP thinking ability and perception of multiple perspectives, and it might be possible to train people on their MP thinking to improve their problem solving performance.
Appears in Collections:ICLS 2006

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