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Title: Comparing Pedagogical Approaches for the Acquisition and Long-Term Robustness of the Control of Variables Strategy
Authors: Pedro, Michael Sao
Gobert, Janice
Raziuddin, Juelaila
Issue Date: Jun-2010
Publisher: International Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS)
Citation: Pedro, M. S., Gobert, J., & Raziuddin, J. (2010). Comparing Pedagogical Approaches for the Acquisition and Long-Term Robustness of the Control of Variables Strategy. In Gomez, K., Lyons, L., & Radinsky, J. (Eds.), Learning in the Disciplines: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS 2010) - Volume 1, Full Papers (pp. 1024-1031). Chicago IL: International Society of the Learning Sciences.
Abstract: This study compared three pedagogical approaches on the acquisition and robust understanding of the control of variables strategy (CVS). In Sao Pedro et al. (2009), we showed that two direct learning conditions (with and without reification) significantly outperformed the discovery learning condition for constructing unconfounded experiments starting from an initially multiply confounded experimental setup. In the study described here, we retested 57 students six months later on constructing unconfounded experiments in a virtual ramp environment, solving problems requiring CVS, and explaining CVS. Collapsing over time, we found that the direct+reify condition had more robust learning than either the direct-no reify or discovery learning conditions on constructing unconfounded experiments. At the delayed posttest, we found a strong trend favoring the direct+reify condition over the other conditions as measured by tasks designing unconfounded experiments starting from a multiply confounded state.
Appears in Collections:ICLS 2010

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